Hey Ho! how are you folks? it’s me again, today i’m gonna post my new vector art about traditional mask. 3 mask from 3 country, and i will explain it one by one. So here it is
The first one is 하회 [Hahoe] (read : hahwe) mask
Hahoe mask | Yangban mask (하회 | 양반탈)
The mask that originated from Korea, this mask usually use in 하회별신굿탈놀이 [Hahwe pyeolshin gut tal nori] or “Hahoe mask dance drama” which is a shamanist right honoring communal spirits of the village. This mask is one of the cultural heritage of Korea from the Hahoe folk village in Andong, Gyeongsangbuk-do. Made from alder tree, the Anthropologist said that this mask was firstly made in the middle period of Korean dynasty [Joseon Dynasty era] by huh doryong .
There were originally 13 type of hahoe mask, 3 mask (Chongak, Byulchae, and Ttukdarital) were lost and the remaining 10 mask become national treasures of Korea. The another 10 mask are
- 이매탈 (ime-tal) ~
- 초랭이탈 (Chorengi-tal) ~
- 각시탈 (Gaksi-tal) ~
- 주지탈 (juji-tal) ~
- 박정탈 (Bekjong-tal)
- 할미탈 (Halmi-tal) ~
- 충탈(Chung-tal) ~
- 양반탈(Yangban-tal) ~
- 선비탈(Sonbi-tal) ~
- 부네탈 (Bune-tal)
The Second one is Topeng Klana or Klana Mask
This mask Originated from, Cirebon, Indonesia. In Indonesia we usually called as Tari Topeng Cirebon, in west java this mask is usually use in Topeng Klana Kencana Wungu dance, a depicted story of Queen Kencana Wungu of majapahit that being chased by King Minak Jingga of Blambangan. Some people misinterpreted this mask as Rahvana mask [King of Alengka in Ramayana epic story] By coincidence, the character is exactly has a same character.
In every show after all the chapter has been shown the dancer will do a ‘Ngrayuda’ , that is asking for money from the audience, the dancer will use this mask as money container, They give money without feeling there is a compulsion from the dancer. Having had enough, the dancers return to the stage and as a thank you, the dancer again, offered some Klana mask dance movements, as an extra dance.
Nyarayuda or ngarayuda is a moral message or symbol that reminds us of how to live in society. Klana was a rich king, no less of a thing, but he still feel deprived, everything was not enough, so he kept trying to take as much property regardless of whether it is right or vanity. That’s exactly the message of nyarayuda, which means not merely begging. Life, you should give more than asked for more. That is the message to be conveyed.
The last one is Noh Mask (能) or Nogaku (能楽)
Noh is one of the classical drama performance from Japan. This musical drama has been performed since the 14th century, we can say that this drama and mask is the oldest musical performance in Japan. Kan’ami and his son Zeami Motokiyo brought Noh to what is essentially its present-day form during the Muromachi Period (1336 to 1573). Noh dance it would later influence another Japanese dramatic form such as Kabuki and Butoh.
Some people believe that this mask is really live, because one Noh mask can show 3 emotions by tilting the mask up and down, even it can show more than 3 emotions if we tilting this mask left or right.
So that’s the explaination of this 3 mask, Thank you for coming
ありがとうございます｜ 감사합니다 | Terima kasih